The third prosecution witness, PW3, Dabi Gideon Dachung, in the ongoing trial of a former Joint Military Task Force Commander, Maj.- Gen. Emmanuel Atewe (retd.) for alleged N8.5bn fraud has given more evidence against him before Justice Ayokunle Faji of the Federal High Court sitting in Ikoyi, Lagos.
Atewe is being prosecuted by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, alongside Patrick Akpobolokemi, a former Director-General of Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency, NIMASA, Kime Enzogu and Josephine Otuaga on a 22-count charge of conspiracy, stealing and money laundering to the N8.5billion.
The defendants allegedly conspired amongst themselves to defraud NIMASA of the said sum, using companies namely: Jagan Limited, Jagan Trading Company Limited, Jagan Global Services Limited, Al-Nald Limited, Paper Warehouse Limited, Eastpoint Integrated Services Limited and De-Newlink Integrated Service Limited.
At the last adjourned sitting, counsel for the EFCC, Rotimi Oyedepo, and the defence team had argued on a document, a payment acknowledgment signed by the fourth defendant, which the prosecution sought to tender in evidence.
Justice Faji had adjourned till today, Wednesday, March 11, 2020 for ruling on the admissibility of the document and for continuation of trial.
At the resumed hearing today, Justice Faji, in a short ruling, rejected the document sought to be tendered in evidence by the prosecution on the grounds that the said document had been rejected initially by the court.
Following the ruling, the PW3, Dachung, a Forensic Analyst and Document Examiner with the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, in his further testimony, revealed to the court that his opinion as a result of the analysis he carried on the two sets of documents contained a disputed document and a known-disputed document (requested statement document).
Dachung told the court that “the author of the known-disputed document wrote the disputed handwriting and the signatures in question and also the dates as well as names in the two sets of documents.”
Dachung further explained that “for him to arrive at this opinion as a result of his findings, he relied on the three principles of handwriting identification first by determining the presence or absence of handwriting identity characteristics in both the documents to reflect the presence of similarities and differences.
“The three principles satisfied that the handwriting on the two sets of documents has the same line qualities, same slant of writing, same alignment and same height ratio of letters; and that there were connections between the characters of words for the handwriting and the signatures.
“Also, the pen lifts in the two sets of documents determined that the handwriting and signatures seemed to be natural and unnatural due to the fact that the disputed handwriting was fluently written to skill up the signatures.
“Both turned out to be similar and the two sets of documents fall within the same level of skill writing.”
The witness also told the court unequivocally that the same person who had the handwriting on the two sets of documents had the signatures “because the signatures have pictorial resemblance as the handwriting does.”
Dachung, however, told the court that his findings and opinion were not in any way influenced by the management of the EFCC or by his status as an employee of the Commission.
Dachung, under cross-examination by the defence team, told the court that, as an expert in document analysis and a forensic expert, he acquired the knowledge by through academic studies and apprenticeship.
He told the court that all equipment used during the analysis of the two sets of documents were working perfectly as at the time he conducted the analysis and that his opinion and analysis were based on what he saw with his eyes coupled with the aid of equipment he used.
When all documents tendered and admitted in evidence in the case were requested by the defence team to be given to the witness to show the court if the report of his findings were tendered and admitted, he replied that he had given oral evidence, which he believed had been admitted in evidence.
The matter was adjourned till March 12, 2020 for continuation of trial.