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Published On: Thu, Sep 13th, 2018

Oil prices fall as economic concerns counter tightening supplies

Reuters

Oil prices fell on Thursday, reversing some of the strong gains from the previous session, as economic concerns raised doubts about ongoing fuel demand growth.

U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures CLc1 were at $69.91 per barrel at 0455 GMT, down 46 cents, or 0.7 percent, from their last settlement.

Brent crude futures LCOc1 slipped 43 cents, or 0.5 percent, to $79.33 a barrel.

The falls came on the back of a potential slowdown in fuel demand growth because of trade disputes between the United States and China as well as emerging market turmoil.

American companies in China are being hurt by tariffs in the growing trade war between Washington and Beijing, according to a survey of hundreds of firms, prompting the U.S. business lobbies behind the poll to urge the Trump administration to reconsider its approach.

The Trump administration has invited Chinese officials to restart trade talks, just as Washington prepares to escalate the U.S.-China trade war with tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods.

Benjamin Lu of Singapore-based brokerage Phillip Futures said in a note on Thursday that the Sino-American trade disputes “elicited considerable uncertainty to the prospect of economic growth and oil demand”.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) on Wednesday reduced its forecast for 2019 global oil demand growth, pointing to economic risks.

In its monthly report, OPEC said world oil demand next year would rise by 1.41 million barrels per day (bpd), 20,000 bpd less than last month and the second consecutive reduction in the forecast.

Despite this, the short-term outlook for oil markets is for tighter supply.

Brent rose above $80 per barrel the previous session for the first time since May, spurred by expectations that U.S. sanctions against Iran’s oil exports, which will start in November, will tighten global markets.

WTI was pushed over $70 the previous session due to falling crude inventory and production levels.

U.S. crude inventories C-STK-T-EIA fell 5.3 million barrels in the week to Sept. 7 to 396.2 million barrels, the lowest since February 2015 and about 3 percent below the five-year average for this time of year, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) said on Wednesday.

Stephen Innes, head of trading for Asia-Pacific at futures brokerage Oanda in Singapore, said the inventory data showed “a much deeper drop than analyst’s expectations.”

U.S. crude oil production C-OUT-T-EIA fell by 100,000 bpd, to 10.9 million bpd, as the industry faces pipeline capacity constraints.

Innes said the slight dips on Thursday came as rising refined product inventories, which the EIA also reported, “slightly dampened market over exuberance” as it indicated that U.S. fuel demand may be weakening.

Gasoline stocks USOILG=ECI rose 1.3 million barrels, while distillate stockpiles USOILD=ECI, which include diesel and heating oil, climbed by 6.2 million barrels, the EIA data showed.

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