Published On: Mon, Jun 29th, 2015

GT Bank ranked eighth in Africa, 1st in Nigeria

 

 

Kunle Awosiyan |

 

Only GT Bank Nigeria made the top 10 in the final ranking among seventy banks ranked across Africa. This was contained in a report by the Senior Africa Investment Analyst Jude Fejokwu.

This feat was achieved after reducing its workforce during fiscal year 2014 in excess of 25%.  During the fourth quarter of 2014, GT Bank was the most profitable bank in Nigeria.

 

Apparently, the bank’s remaining employees stepped up another notch when they were faced with collective adversity.  Americans call it running a lean and mean shop while pursuing an up or out policy.

 

According to the report, three of the top 10% (first 7) banks are from Ghana and Malawi.  Both countries are dealing with high inflation and lending rates in excess of 20% coupled with rapid currency depreciation which is finally showing some semblance of stability in recent months.

The report noted, “The lesson here is that banks can thrive in tough macroeconomic environments with the right people making the right decisions while cutting out leakages in the system.”

Six of the top seven banks in the final ranking are located in countries in East or Southern Africa.  The only exception is Cal Bank, Ghana.

Kenya has the most banks (3) in the top 20% (first 14) of banks ranked.  While 11 banks achieved single-digit rankings in at least 2 of the four quantitative criteria utilized to rank the banks.

The banks include Letshego, Cal Bank Ghana, National Bank of Malawi, Bank of Baroda Uganda, Commercial Bank Ethiopia, I & M Holdings Kenya, Standard Bank Malawi, GT Bank Nigeria, Commercial International Bank Egypt, Standard Chartered Bank Ghana and Ecobank Ghana.

Botswana and South African banks invest more in loans on their balance sheet relative to other banks in Africa.  Aside from Letshego ( a retail bank), none of the top 10 banks in the ranking have this characteristic.  This did not factor into the rankings computation; it is just an observation worth noting.  Bank employees that make the decision to overextend themselves on lending as an asset may never rise to the top from a human capital perspective and beyond.

Two strictly retail banks (Capitec Bank SA and Letshego Botswana) were among the top 5 banks out of 70 ranked when assessed in terms of highest return on loans disbursed.  How many banks in Africa possess the human capital to maximize value from the retail sector in Africa which is the most lucrative sector in my opinion?  Capitec Bank SA does; African Bank SA apparently did not.

Five of the top 7 banks with the most financially productive employees in Africa are also among the top 8 banks with the most efficient employees.  This clearly reflects a direct relationship between employee efficiency and financial productivity.  Commercial Bank Ethiopia had the most efficient employees in Africa while Commercial International Bank Egypt had the most financially productive employees.  Both banks made the top 9 in the final rankings and had RoEs in excess of 30%.

Five of the top seven banks in the rankings have RoEs in excess of 20%.  Meanwhile, ROE was not a factor in this ranking model.

Ecobank Ghana came 15th in the overall rankings while Ecobank Nigeria came 63rd .  Additional analyses revealed that Ecobank Nigeria acheved 30% of the group’s pre-tax income in 2014 utilizing 39% of the group’s assets while Ecobank Ghana achieved 27% of the group’s pre-tax income utilizing just 7% of the group’s assets.  Ecobank Nigeria’s pre-tax income was just 12% higher than that of Ghana.  The 48 places between them in the human capital ranking is valid and deserved.  This model and ranking does tell a lot from whichever way you look at it…

 

Bank CEOs should carefully note that collectively paying your employees top dollar does not imply you will get the best out of them.  Most likely you will have diminishing returns and wastage within the system further sending your bank south instead of north when the numbers are crunched.  The most expensive bank employees in Africa among the 70 assessed (Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria) came in 26th in the final ranking of banks.  The least expensive bank employees (Dashen Bank Ethiopia) came in 10th.  Ethiopia has the largest expenditure on infrastructure as a % of GDP in Africa.

The bank that came 70th (last) in terms of labor costs had the 10th most financially productive employees while the bank ranked first (1st) in terms of labor costs had the 20th most financially productive employees in Africa.

Nigeria’s top five banks in the ranking of the African 70 are:

  1. GT Bank 2. SCB   3.  Zenith Bank  4.  Stanbic IBTC   5.  Access Bank

Only GT Bank and SCB Nigeria are in the top half of the overall ranking.  Nigeria has 8 of the top 14 (top 20%) most expensive bank employees in Africa.  South Africa has three of the top 14 most expensive bank employees.  I see a lot of wastage in the Nigerian banking space.  Most of them are generating returns way below their capacity and this shows up in this ranking focused on human capital and in their below 5 PEs in most instances.

Only two (2) of the top 10 most expensive bank employees in Africa made the top half (top 35) of this human capital as an asset bank ranking.  Interestingly enough, both are subsidiaries of Standard Chartered U.K. (Nigeria & Zambia).  I suggest other bank CEOs should look at Standard Chartered to learn how to get decent return from relatively expensive employees.

Five of the top seven banks in this ranking are among the bottom 20% (last 14) when it comes to how much they spend on labor costs.  Human Capital as an asset will never be about how much you give employees but how much you get from them.

The complete rankings RANK BANK NAME

1 LETSHEGO BOTSWANA

2 CAL BANK GHANA

3 NATIONAL BANK OF MALAWI

4 BANK OF BARODA UGANDA

5 COMMERCIAL BANK OF ETHIOPIA

6 I&M (HOLDINGS) KENYA

7 STD. BANK MALAWI

8 GUARANTY TRUST BANK NIGERIA

9 COMMERCIAL INT. BANK EGYPT

10 DASHEN BANK ETHIOPIA

11 EQUITY GROUP HOLDINGS KENYA

12 SCB GHANA

13 SCB KENYA

14 FNB BOTSWANA

15 ECOBANK GHANA

16 CAPITEC BANK SOUTH AFRICA

17 DIAMOND TRUST BANK KENYA

18 SBM HOLDINGS MAURITIUS

19 KCB KENYA

20 CREDIT AGRICOLE EGYPT

21 BANK OF KIGALI RWANDA

22 ENAT BANK ETHIOPIA

23 FNB NAMIBIA HOLDINGS

24 GHANA COMMERCIAL BANK

25 STANBIC BANK UGANDA

26 SCB NIGERIA

27 NATIONAL BANK OF KUWAIT, EGYPT

28 BANK OF WINDHOEK HLDS.

29 HFC BANK GHANA

30 NBS BANK MALAWI

31 BARCLAYS KENYA

32 CFC STANBIC KENYA

33 SCB ZAMBIA

34 HBZ (HABIB) BANK SOUTH AFRICA

35 MCB GROUP MAURITIUS

36 CO-OPERATIVE BANK KENYA

37 SCB BOTSWANA

38 SOCIETE GENERALE GHANA

39 ZENITH BANK NIGERIA

40 STANBIC IBTC NIGERIA

41 ACCESS BANK NIGERIA

42 CRDB BANK TANZANIA

43 UNITY BANK NIGERIA

44 BANK OF ALEXANDRIA EGYPT

45 DCB COMMERCIAL BANK TANZANIA

46 ZAMBIA NAT. COMM. BANK

47 UBA GROUP NIGERIA

48 FIRST RAND BANK GROUP SA

49 FIRST BANK HOLDINGS NIGERIA

50 UNION BANK NIGERIA

51 STANDARD BANK GROUP SA

52 ETI GROUP

53 FCMB NIGERIA

54 STERLING BANK NIGERIA

55 BARCLAYS AFRICA SA

56 NEDBANK SA

57 CBZ HOLDINGS ZIMBABWE

58 DIAMOND BANK NIGERIA

59 AFRASIA BANK MAURITIUS

60 STD. BANK SOUTH AFRICA

61 SASFIN BANK SA

62 NATIONAL BANK KENYA

63 ECOBANK NIGERIA

64 MAENDELEO BANK TANZANIA

65 FIDELITY BANK NIGERIA

66 BANK ONE MAURITIUS

67 SKYE BANK NIGERIA

68 SUEZ CANAL BANK

69 NMBZ HOLDINGS ZIMBABWE

70 WEMA BANK NIGERIA

 

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  1. Interesting article. ). I am very keen to know more about the referred report in the article by the Senior Africa Investment Analyst (Jude Fejokwu). If you could get me in touch with the article author Kunle Awosiyan or Jude Fejokwu.

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